NoteI can vouch only for the material in the links that I have personally written.  I appreciate hearing about individuals’ experiences with the problems discussed on this site but cannot always respond.  My email address is mdf@munchausen.com.  Please note further that any health-related comments I might offer on this site or in emails are in no way a substitute for personal consultation with a physician or other professional.  No doctor-patient relationship is implied or created.

I am a psychiatrist and author from Birmingham, Alabama.  MUNCHAUSEN SYNDROME is the most severe and chronic form of my area of specialty, FACTITIOUS DISORDER.  Munchausen syndrome, factitious disorder, and the other phenomena described here are well-recognized among psychiatrists, but they have not received the attention—or advocacy among consumers, families, and professionals—that have greeted more common ailments such as depression.  However, factitious disorder can be every bit as disabling, and further public and professional education is vital.
Read More About Me.

People with factitious disorder and Munchausen syndrome feign, exaggerate, or actually self-induce illnesses.  Their aim?  To assume the status of “patient,” and thereby to win attention, nurturance, and lenience from professionals or nonprofessionals that they feel unable to obtain in any other way.  Unlike individuals who engage in MALINGERING, people with factitious disorder and Munchausen syndrome are not primarily seeking external gains such as disability payments or narcotic drugs—though they may receive them nonetheless. In some cases, the fabrication or induction of illness is an expression of jealousy, rage, or the desire to control others.

In MUNCHAUSEN BY PROXY (MBP), an individual falsifies or induces illness in another person to accrue emotional satisfaction—but this time vicariously.  This is a form of maltreatment (abuse and/or neglect) rather than a mental disorder. Children are the usual victims and the mother is the usual perpetrator. MBP is sometimes called "Fabricated or Induced Illness by Carer" (FII).

What do patients with factitious disorder and the rest of the phenomena on this site do?  They deliberately mislead others into thinking they (or their children) have serious medical or psychological problems, often resulting in extraordinary numbers of medication trials, diagnostic tests, hospitalizations, and even surgery . . . that they know are not really needed.  In short, factitious disorder, Munchausen syndrome, malingering, and Munchausen by proxy involve illness deception, or “disease forgery.”

In variations of the root problem, some seek the HERO or VICTIM role, rather than the SICK role.  The good news is that knowledge about factitious disorder and the other phenomena has been increasing exponentially.  The level of interest is growing, and the first, early version of this website received almost one million visits.

The term “Munchausen syndrome” was derived from the storybook character created by Rudolph Erich Raspe.  In turn, the character was based on a real 18th century Prussian cavalry officer, Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr (Baron) von Munchhausen (1720-1797).

The pages that follow contain annotated links to further information about factitious disorder, Munchausen syndrome, malingering, and Munchausen by proxy. 


For information on MALINGERING

For information on the TALES OF BARON MUNCHAUSEN

For information on MUNCHAUSEN BY PROXY


For much more in-depth information than I can offer here, click on the covers of each of my books. 

Order my newest book
Playing Sick? Untangling the Web of Munchausen Syndrome, Munchausen by Proxy, Malingering, and Factitious Disorder
Order a book I’ve co-edited on factitious disorder, Munchausen syndrome, and MBP,
The Spectrum of Factitious Disorders
Search booksellers for a book on the subject that I co-authored for the general public
Patient or Pretender: Inside the Strange World of Factitious Disorders
Dr. Feldman’s book, Stranger Than Fiction: When Our Minds Betray Us, describes mental illness from the perspective that these disorders are actually variations of universally shared thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.